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Vascular Surgery

Vascular surgery is the surgical specialty that emphases on the diseases of vascular system, arteries, veins as well as lymphatic circulation. They are dealt with medical treatment, surgical reconstruction or minimally-invasive catheter.

Vascular conditions influence the veins and arteries in your body that supply oxygen to each living cell. Consider your veins and arteries interstates or streams. When there are gridlocks or road construction, or when dams break, trouble arises. Yet, much of the time, vascular conditions are exceptionally treatable, frequently without medical procedure.

Vascular surgeons are skilled in managing the veins and arteries in all parts of the body aside from the brain and the heart. They will communicate with the patient about how exercise, diet and medicine can be the initial phase in recovering your health. At the point when medical procedure is required, vascular surgeons are trained in various types of interventions.

For Ex., vascular surgeons deal with the blocked carotid arteries in the neck. They treat the issues of the aorta after it leaves the heart and enters the abdomen.

Frequently, patients suddenly require a vascular specialist when they experience a vascular condition that could lead to serious issues. If you are alluded to a vascular specialist, it's probable your condition needs further diagnosis and a treatment plan.

Common conditions a vascular surgeon treats comprises:

  1. Aneurysm: An aneurysm is a widening in artery.
  2. Carotid artery disease: It happens when there is atherosclerosis — the development of waxy plaque made of fat, cholesterol, and different substances.
  3. Deep vein thrombosis: Deep vein thrombosis is a condition where there is a formation of blood clots in the veins of the body, especially in the legs.
  4. Lymphedema is a condition wherein lymph liquid develops in the soft tissues of the arms or legs.
  5. Peripheral arterial disease: It is also called as peripheral vascular disease, when there is atherosclerosis in the arteries outside of the heart and brain.
  6. Venous deficiency: It is the point at which the veins can't keep blood streaming back to the lungs and heart.


It can be treated with lifestyle changes like:

  1. Healthy diet to lower the blood sugar or cholesterol
  2. Quit smoking or tobacco
  3. Physical exercise
  4. Stress management

Medication also needed that includes:

  1. Blood pressure drugs
  2. Cholesterol medication
  3. Drugs to avoid blood clots

If the case is serious, you might need angioplasty where the doctor widens or clears the blood vessel.

Vascular Disease Prevention

You need to incorporate some of the lifestyle changes to maintain a healthy life, if you have not diagnosed with vascular disorders.