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Brain Stroke

What is a Stroke?

Stroke is an interruption in blood flow to a part of the brain and need immediate treatment in Best Comprehensive stroke center in Guntur

A heart attack is caused by plaque buildup that blocks blood vessels to the heart.

Similarly, most strokes are caused by a buildup of plaque that cause blockages in the blood vessels of the brain.

What are the symptom’s of a Stroke?


  1. B - Balance problem
  2. E - Eye/Vision problem
  3. F - Face droop on one side
  4. A - Arm weakness on one side
  5. S - Speech problem
  6. T - This is a reminder to get help fast!

When you recognize a stroke, call the emergency services immediately to get to the nearest hospital‘s emergency room or best brain stroke hospitals in Guntur. Do not neglect or waste time as there is a short time window for treatment.

What happens if we do not seek timely treatment for a Stroke?

Per best neurosurgery specialists in Guntur, Stroke leads to disability and death. Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and a leading cause of adult disability in the world. The spectrum of disability can range from mild residual symptoms such as mild weakness in an arm, leg, or face to being bed ridden.

What scans/tests are done emergently at the hospital?

ACT scan and CT Angiography are done immediately after arrival.

ACT Angiography is basically a imaging study of the vessels that supply the brain. It determines if there is a vessel occlusion in any of the vessels supplying the brain.

What are the interventions/treatments for a Stroke?

The treatments for a stroke are IV tPA/clot lysing medication and/or Mechanical thrombectomy.

The “clot lysing medication” is a blood thinning agent designed to dissolve the clot and reestablish blood flow to the brain thus halting the stroke from completion.

What is a Mechanical thrombectomy?

Mechanical thrombectomy means retrieving a clot from the blood vessels in the brain and reestablishing blood flow to the brain at risk for stroke in Comprehensive stroke center in Guntur. Is currently considered to be the most effective treatment among all fields of Medicine.

Not all hospitals have well trained specialists who can perform this procedure and not all hospitals have dedicated Neurocritical care units and dedicated Neuro cath labs where this procedure can be performed.

It is important to know which hospitals have the expertise and the equipment to perform these procedures for brain stroke in Guntur. At Life Neurovascular Institute, we have the experts and dedicated units to serve you.

What to expect in the first days in hospital after a stroke in brain stroke hospitals in Guntur?

  1. Two-thirds of people with stroke are admitted to hospital.
  2. Each person recovers at his or her own pace. Your care and length of stay is based on your needs.
  3. During the first few days after your stroke, you might be very tired and need to recover from the initial event.
  4. Meanwhile, your team will identify the type of stroke, where it occurred, the type and amount of damage, and the effects.
  5. They may perform more tests and blood work relating to monitoring and managing risk factors that caused the stroke.
  6. You may be prescribed blood thinners such as ASA (acetylsalicylic acid, Aspirin) to prevent more strokes.
  7. Your blood pressure will be checked regularly. If it is high, medication may be prescribed.
  8. If the team suspects your stroke was caused by blocked carotid arteries in your neck, they may discuss about carotid stenting or carotid surgery to open the carotid artery.
  9. Atrial fibrillation or irregular heart rhythm is a significant risk factor for stroke. You may be tested for this during hospitalization.
  10. If you have diabetes – a risk factor for stroke – the team will review how you manage it. The team will also review other risk factors for stroke and work with you to set goals and make a plan to prevent another stroke.

Complications after a Stroke

25% of stroke patients will have complications from the stroke. Recognizing these complications early can help avoid problems later on.

If you are unable to move around in bed, the team will be working to prevent clots (deep vein thrombosis) from forming in your legs. They will also try to prevent pressure sores on your skin.

Weakness and balance problems may put you at risk of falling. The team will assess your risk.

As soon as you are able, the team will work with you to get you sitting, standing and walking safely.

You should have a swallowing test before you are given any liquids, food or medication. Problems swallowing, if not identified, can lead to complications such as:

  1. Pneumonia
  2. not getting enough to eat (malnutrition)
  3. not drinking enough (dehydration)

The team of neurosurgeons in Guntur and will identify any problems with bowel and bladder control early so that training programs can start as soon as possible.

Stroke Risk Factors - Knowing them will help decrease the risk!

Stroke is dangerous and deadly — the No. 5 killer and a leading cause of disability worldwide. But you can control and treat several risk factors for stroke.

High Blood Pressure

is a leading cause of stroke and the most significant controllable risk factor.


The nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke damage the cardiovascular system and pave the way for a stroke.


Diabetes is an independent risk factor for stroke. While diabetes is treatable, the presence of the disease still increases your risk of stroke.


Diet Saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol can raise blood cholesterol levels. Diets high in sodium (salt) can increase blood pressure. Diets with high calories can lead to obesity. But a diet containing five or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day may reduce the risk of stroke.

Physical Inactivity

Physical Inactivity can increase your risk of stroke, heart disease, overweight/obesity, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes. Aim for being active at least 150 minutes a week or, just move more and sit less.


Obesity Excess body weight and obesity are linked with an increased risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Losing as little as 5 to 10 pounds can make a significant difference in your risks.

High Blood Cholesterol

High Blood Cholesterol in the blood can build up and cause blood clots — leading to a stroke.

Carotid Artery Disease

The carotid arteries in your neck supply blood to your brain. Carotid artery narrowed by fatty deposits from atherosclerosis (plaque buildups in artery walls) may become blocked by a blood clot causing a stroke.

Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral Artery Disease is the narrowing of blood vessels carrying blood to leg and arm muscles. It is caused by fat buildup of plaque in artery walls. People with PAD have a higher risk of carotid artery disease, which raises their risk of stroke.

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial Fibrillation increases stroke risks fivefold. That's because it causes the heart's upper chambers to beat incorrectly, which can allow the blood to pool and develop a clot. The clot can travel to the brain and cause a stroke. If you have Atrial fibrillation, get appropriate treatment to keep your risks low.

Other Heart Diseases

People who have coronary heart disease or heart failure are at higher risk of stroke than people who have healthy hearts. Dilated cardiomyopathy (an enlarged heart), heart valve disease and some types of congenital heart defects can also raise the risk of stroke.


The likelihood of having a stroke increases with age for both males and females. Although stroke is more common among the elderly, a lot of people under 65 also have strokes./

Family History

If your parent, grandparent, sister or brother has had a stroke — especially before reaching age 65 — you may be at greater risk.

Prior Stroke, TIA (mini stroke) or Heart Attack

A person who has had a prior stroke has a much higher risk of having another stroke than a person never had one. This can sometime be almost 10 times higher than someone of the same age and sex who did not have a stroke.