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Urology is the field of medication that is related with the ailments of the male and female urinary plot. It also manages the male organs that can make babies (penis, testicles, scrotum, prostate, and so forth) Since medical issues in these body parts can happen to everybody, urologic wellbeing is significant.

Urology is called as surgical specialty. Other than medical procedure, a urologist is a specialist with the knowledge in medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and different parts of health care. This is due to that a urologist experiences a wide scope of clinical issues.

Urologists are specialists who work in the treatment of illnesses and conditions influencing the urinary system that includes the bladder, kidney, ureter, urethra, and adrenal organs. If needed, they also perform surgical procedures to eliminate the cancer or a urinary tract blockage.

When to see a urologist?

You must consult a urologist for all mild urinary issues such as urinary tract infection (UTI) to serious infirmities like cancer. In most cases, your primary specialist alludes you to a urologist if your manifestations endure for long lengths or don't improve.

Symptoms for urology problems

If you experience any problem in the urinary tract, there are list of symptoms mentioned below:

  1. Blood in the urine
  2. Repeated urge to urinate
  3. Burning sensation while urinating
  4. Trouble in urinating
  5. Pain in pelvis, lower back or sides
  6. Urine leakage
  7. Weakness in urine flow

Urologist will do an examination of the medical history of the patient and conducts it. Some of the test performed are:

  1. First thing is to find the problem which is done by imaging tests such as MRI scans, ultrasound or CT scans.
  2. Cystoscopy is a medical procedure which permits the doctor to evaluate the inner part of the urinary tract by a cystoscope. It is utilized to collect tissue samples for testing
  3. Basic urine test to check the presence of the bacteria or other ailments
  4. Biopsy
  5. Urodynamic testing to check how fast the urine leaves the body and the urine amount staying in the bladder after the person passes the urine and the pressure of the bladder.

Depending upon the condition, various treatment methods can be employed after the diagnosis. It may be surgery or medical treatment. Urologist may prescribe the following medications for treatments:

  1. Antibiotics for infection treatment
  2. Hormone treatment for prostate cancer
  3. Medicine to act on urinary incontinence
  4. Chemotherapy drugs

Surgical treatments can be performed like open surgery, laparoscopic and laser therapy. Some procedures are performed to eliminate the tumors, kidney stones, kidneys parts, strictures in the urethra and transplant.